The Story of Myanmar's Military Coup

Aung San Sun Kyi, a Nobel Peace Prize laureate who served as State Counsellor of Myanmar from 2016 to 2021 has been illegally detained by Myanmar's Military on Monday. Myanmar or Burma was under military rule for more than 50 years till 2011 when Aung San Sun Kyi's long struggle against military rule ended and democracy or partial democracy returned in the State of Myanmar. Aung was a pro-democracy activist who dissented against the established military dictatorship for which she was put under house arrest for almost 20 years between 1989 to 2010, but with military rule back on the helm, the cloud of uncertainty and undemocratic adventures is not going to fade away soon in Myanmar. On Monday, Feb 01, in Yangon all phones and internet services were down and then Myanmar's army trucks were parked outside the City Hall. Soon after this military television reported that the State of Myanmar is once again under military rule, i.e. military coup has dethroned the de facto leader of a democratic polity and reinstated the dictatorial leadership of commander in chief General Min Aung Hlaing as the head of the State by declaring an emergency for one year. The reason for such a misadventure, as stated by Myanmar's army, is an election fraud in November 2020 where Ms Suu Kyi's National League for Democracy (NLD) won with an easy majority against opposition backed by the military establishment. This looks like a trigger point. This intervention came after weeks of rising speculation of the military coup against the civilian government, against which a tensed International scenario is building up. "The United States opposes any attempt to alter the outcome of recent elections or impede Myanmar's democratic transition and will take action against those responsible if these steps are not reversed," White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki said in a statement today. Also, Australian Foreign Minister Marise Payne said, "We call on the military to respect the rule of law, to resolve disputes through lawful mechanisms and to release immediately all civilian leaders and others who have been detained unlawfully".

This sudden turn of events is a huge jolt in the democratization of Myanmar's politics, as Myanmar's military establishment agreed in 2011 to transfer power to a civil government, but eventually, the conflict of interest between military and civil authorities didn't acknowledge a democratic means to counter dissent. Every nation is in a dilemma of its own on how to tackle foreign relations and is evident from various countries & diplomats condemning this military takeover. "We have noted the developments in Myanmar with deep concern. India has always been steadfast in its support to the process of democratic transition in Myanmar. We believe that the rule of law and the democratic process must be upheld. We are monitoring the situation closely,” a press statement issued by the Ministry of External Affairs of India stated. Though the diplomatic channels in world politics never get exhausted, the criticality in dealing with a military establishment is always concerning for any nation governed by rule of law rather than rule through might. It will also be a challenging task for nations who are in midst of Rohingya's migration with human rights violations and refugee’s crisis to decide their fate in future. Now the announcement by Myanmar's Army that the rule will be of one year is looked at with suspicion and many predicting it as an established status quo in the state.

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